Betapace
Generic Betapace (Sotalol)
Betapace is a beta-blocker used to improve symptoms of arrhythmia, it affects heart and blood circulation.
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40 mg x 20 pills
$31.99
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40 mg x 30 pills
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40 mg x 60 pills
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40 mg x 90 pills
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40 mg x 120 pills
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40 mg x 180 pills
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40 mg x 360 pills
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Product Description

Common use

Betapace contains sotalol hydrochloride. It is an antiarrhythmic drug which possesses properties of classes II (beta-adrenoreceptor blocking) and III (cardiac action potential duration prolongation). Betapace is used to treat many forms of supraventricular arrhythmias, and in particular it has advantage over other beta-blockers in treatment of atrial fibrillation (chaotic contractions) fibrillation, atrial flutter (frequent rhythmic constructions). Supraventricular tachycardia (heart rhythm disorder), including Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (congenital heart disease characterized by recurrent disorders of heart rhythm and rate) paroxysmal form of atrial fluttering, ventricular tachycardia.



Dosage and direction

The recommended starting dose is 0.04-0.08 g taken 2-3 times daily. If necessary the dose may be increased up to 0.16 g taken 2-3 times daily. Take it orally with a full glass of water before a meal but do not chew the medication.



Precautions

Betapace should be used with cautiousness in the patients with recent myocardial infarction. Limit intake of alcoholic beverages. Discuss with your doctor if you have bronchitis or emphysema, a heart disease or congestive heart failure in history, diabetes, kidney disease, a thyroid disorder, a recent heart attack.



Contraindications

Chronic heart failure, cardiogenic shock, atrioventricular block (disorders of conduction of excitation in conduction system of the heart), arterial hypotension (low blood pressure), sick sinus syndrome, bradycardia, elongated QT interval on the electrocardiogram, hypokalemia (decreased potassium levels in the blood), obliterative artery diseases, obstructive pulmonary disease, metabolic acidosis, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. Caution must be exercised in the appointment of sotalol patients with recent myocardial infarction.



Possible side effect

Side effects of Betapace are associated with its property to block beta-adrenoreceptors. Sinus bradycardia (rare heart rate) was reported in 9-11% of patients together with symptoms of heart failure. You may experience these such effects: lightheadedness, headache, drowsiness, dizziness, stomach upset, or blurred vision, cough, trouble sleeping, reduced concentration, dry skin, decreased sexual desire, altered taste, or muscle aches. Notify your doctor if the adverse reactions listed above and also if the following adverse reactions aggravate: mental confusion, trouble urinating, easy bruising or bleeding, chest pain, skin rash, sore throat, breathing trouble, fainting, irregular heartbeat.



Drug interaction

Inform your doctor about all prescribed and over-the-counter medicines and herbal products you are taking and especially about: medication for blood pressure (clonidine), antacids, St John's wort, anti-diabetic drugs, calcium channel blockers (verapamil, diltiazem), arbutamine, aspirin/NSAIDS (ibuprofen, naproxen), drugs which may change heart rhythm such as "water pills" (diuretics such as furosemide or hydrochlorothiazide), quinidine, procainamide, sparfloxacin, dofetilide, pimozide. Follow all directions of your doctor and avoid taking medication for allergies or cough or colds without his permission.



Missed dose

Never take a double dose of this medication. If it is almost time of the next dose just skip the missed portion and continue to take the medicine according to the schedule.



Overdose

Symptoms of overdose may include chest pain, swelling, hunger, slow or fast heartbeats, shortness of breath, weakness, confusion, seizure, sweating, feeling light-headed, fainting.



Storage

Betapace should be stored at room temperature between 15-30 C (59-86 F).



Disclaimer

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Antivirals

A virus is a microscopic biological parasite that can multiply inside the living cells of the host. Outside the host cells the viruses consists of virions that may range in different size and forms. Some of the virions are so small that their size does not exceed the size of ribosomes, while the viruses such as vaccinia virus that are much larger than the most of the bacteria. Each virions consists of capsid that has a protein origin. The capsid helps to protect the contents of the viruses, determines what type of the host cells can attach and affect. Some of the viruses also contain lipids and carbohydrates that are compounds of the host cells. The interior core consist of the genetic material(DNA and RNA chains).

Virals infection begins when the virion attaches to the specific receptors on the surface of the host cells. For example HIV viruses binds to the CCR5 located on the lymphocytes. Then the virus penetrates into the cells and begins to reproduce. The virus replicates the genome and produces new proteins that form new cores and capsids.

Currently there are known more than 2000 of different viruses that may cause a viral infection. The viruses are spread in different ways. Some viruses are spread by insects, usually blood-sucking insects. Other such as influenza are spread through the air from one person to another. There are viruses that are transmitted through the blood, by the faecal-oral route(norovirus) and during sexual intercourse(HIV).

The preparations that are used for the treatment of virals infections called antiviral agents. The most known of them are Zovirax(acyclovir) and Valrex(valacyclovir). These medicines fit into the viral DNA(genetic material) and block its replication. As a result the viruses are unable to replicate and infection goes away. Zovirax and Valtrex are effective against Herpes simplex type 1 and 2, Varicella zoster(Chickenpox).

The transmission of viruses can also be prevented through the vaccines that contains the weakened or dead virions. Vaccines help the organism to produce antibodies that neutralizes viruses. Unfortunately, there are not available vaccines for the all types of viruses. For example, the vaccine for the HIV viruses is still not found.

Some people think that viruses can also be treated by antibiotics. However, antibiotics are used only for the treatment of the infections caused by bacteria and are useless for the viral infections.